p. 28), cc the Governments of Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania showed by all
their behaviour that they were prepared to aid Hitler in every way. In
these circumstances . . . the anti-Soviet policy of the Governments of the
Baltic States, the U.S.S.R. was compelled to demand from all three States
the formation of such Governments as would be capable and willing to
ensure that the pacts of mutual assistance would be loyally carried out."
The third stage was :—
" Together with the numerous Soviet troops,, emissaries arrived at Tallin,
Kovno and Riga to form the pro-Soviet Governments and elections were
proclaimed for a new Parliament.95
The fourth stage :—
cc This mock Parliament decided.) on July 21, 1940, to join the Soviets."
And then came the fifth and filial stage of the action when the :
"Bolsheviks had become complete masters of the Balticum. The most
cruel terror and persecution was started. Scores of thousands of Baltic
patriots;, intellectuals, government officials, officers, former members of
parliaments and governments, priests, home owners, farmers., business men,
even farm hands and workers were either killed by the Soviet secret police
or deported to Siberia and Central Asia—wives separated from husbands
and children from their parents.
"A plan was elaborated to deport in certain periods the bulk of the Baltic
population and to settle Russians in the fertile and well-cultivated -Baltic
On April 28, the Polish Government,, in reply to the Soviet Note of
April 25, issued a new Statement showing its good-will towards Russia
and once again asked., in the name of " elementary humanity M for a
release of its citizens. Issuing this Statement, the Polish Government
was aware that, although Russia had broken with Poland, the Allies still
had to maintain their Alliance with the Soviets.
" The Polish Government affirm that their policy, aiming at a friendly
understanding between Poland and Soviet Russia on the basis of the
integrity and full sovereignty of the Polish Republic, was, and continues to
be, fully supported by the Polish nation.
cc Conscious of their responsibility towards their own nation and towards
the Allies, whose unity and solidarity the Polish Government consider to
be the cornerstone of future victory, they were the first to approach the
Soviet Government with a proposal for a common understanding, in spite
of the many tragic events which had taken place from the moment of the
entry of the Soviet armies on the territory of the Republic, i.e., September
" Having regulated their relations with Soviet Russia by the agreement
of July 30, 1941, and by the understanding of December 4, 1941, the Polish
Government have scrupulously discharged their obligations.
"Acting in close union with their Government, the Polish people, making
the extreme sacrifice, fight implacably in Poland and outside the frontiers
of their country against the German invader. No traitor Quisling has
sprung from the Polish ranks. All collaboration with the Germans has
" In the light of facts known throughout the world, the Polish Govern-
ment and Polish nation have no need to defend themselves from any
suggestion of contact or understanding with Hitler.
" In a public statement of April 17, 1943, the Polish Government
categorically denied to Germany the right to abuse the tragedy of Polish